Periodontal Disease Overview

Bacteria found in plaque produces toxins or poisons that irritate the gums. This may cause gums to turn red, swell and bleed easily. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing pockets (spaces) to form. Plaque is then able to fill the pockets and attach to the roots of the teeth as tartar. This tartar provides new bacteria with a favorable environment to spread the gum infection to the surrounding bone and cause periodontal disease. As periodontal diseases progress, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds teeth in place deteriorate. If left untreated, this process leads to tooth loss.

Periodontal diseases are a series of chronic bacterial infections. Poor oral hygiene, genetics, age, and smoking are risk factors for developing periodontitis. Connections have been established between diabetes, heart disease, prenatal complications, and pulmonary disease. Optimizing your oral health is critical to your overall well-being.

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